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..:: Air Freight ::..


Benefits of Air Freight

Weight or Measure

Weight or Measure
in the Freight Cost Calculation
The freight rate on export goods is often based on W/M (weight or measure), that is, based on the weight or the volume of cargo (the cube or measurement of cargo). The rate uses the comparative relation between weight and volume of cargo. A cargo that is large in relation to its weight is charged according to its total cube, while a cargo that is heavy in relation to its size is charged according to its gross weight.
In general, light cargo is charged based on measure, while heavy cargo based on weight. Most sea consignments are charged based on measure, while most air consignments are charged based on weight.
The freight cost by weight or measure that will give the carrier the higher revenue is the rate that applies.
The unit of ton being used in the freight cost calculation may differ among carriers. It can be a metric ton (2204.6 lbs. or 1000 kgs.), a short ton (2000 lbs. or 907 kgs.), or a long ton (2240 lbs. or 1016 kgs.). The exporter must verify with the carrier which unit is being used. In practice, the most frequently used is the metric ton.


Units of Weight or Measure Commonly Used
in the Freight Cost Calculation

mt metric ton
kg. Kilogram
lb. Pound
cbm Cubic Metre
cu.cms. Cubic Centimetres
cu. ft. Cubic Feet
cu. inches. Cubic Inches


Freight Payment
Freight Prepaid and Freight Collect

The term freight used here refers to transportation charges. The INCOTERMS (International Commercial Terms) determine whether the shipper or the consignee is responsible for paying the freight.